Ms. Xinyue Liu


Organic reactions in water have attracted great attention due to their advantages such as unique reaction performance and environmental friendliness. Research on organic reactions as well as polymerizations in aqueous medium has been extensively investigated. So far, there have been massive reports about polymerizations in water.1-3 However, click polymerization in water has been rare. Herein, a click polymerization of activated alkyne and aromatic amine in aqueous medium is developed. “On water” effect facilitates the polymerization in aqueous medium than in organic solvents and its mechanism is deciphered through experimental data and theoretical calculations. Water participates in the reaction and reduces the energy barrier to some extent. Besides, the polymerization makes it possible for aromatic amine with low reactivity to be linked. By using this strategy, polymers with high molecular weights can be obtained in high yields (up to 95.4%). They show good thermal stability and high refractivity. They can be photodegraded. The polymers with tetraphenylethylene moieties show aggregation-induced emission and can be used as materials for generating photopatterns and visualizing agents for specific staining of lysosome in living cells.  



  1. Huang, W.; Kim, J.-B.; Bruening, M. L.; Baker, G. L. Macromolecules, 2002, 35, 1175-1179.
  2. McCormick, C. L.; Lowe, A. B. Acc. Chem. Res., 2004, 37, 312-325.
  3. Nishikawa, T.; Kamigaito, M.; Sawamoto, M. Macromolecules, 1999, 32, 2204-2209.


University: HKUST

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